Bastard feudalism

A modern term for the changes in the forms of lordship in the 14c. Whereas 'classical' feudalism relied upon oaths and service owed through *fief and obligation, 'bastard feudalism' is distinctive because cash payments were at its heart. Contracts with cash rewards were drawn up; annuities were offered and accepted; *liveries also were offered. Much of the old world had gone by the middle of Edward Ill's reign. Villeins were demanding cash for work, reflecting a society caught in the cash cycle.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Bastard feudalism — The Dunstable Swan Jewel, a livery badge, about 1400 (British Museum) Bastard feudalism is a term that has been used to describe feudalism in the Late Middle Ages, primarily in England. Its main characteristic is military, political, legal, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Bastard Feudalism —    The term “bastard feudalism” refers to a society in which titled noblemen, and some members of the GENTRY, developed networks or affinities of sworn RETAINERS who provided political, legal, domestic, and military service in return for money,… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Feudalism — Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century), in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval Europe political system composed of a set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the warrior nobility, revolving… …   Wikipedia

  • Feudalism — • The source of feudalism rises from an intermingling of barbarian usage and Roman law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Feudalism     Feudalism      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • feudalism — feudalist, n. feudalistic, adj. /fyoohd l iz euhm/, n. the feudal system, or its principles and practices. [1830 40; FEUDAL1 + ISM] * * * Term that emerged in the 17th century that has been used to describe economic, legal, political, social, and …   Universalium

  • Feudalism — A term of tortuous elusiveness. Broadly, the word is used of the system of land holding, administration and relations between vassal and lord in England after 1066. At its heart is the assumption that everyone had a lord, from the lowliest… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Wars of the Roses, Causes of —    Civil war erupted in fifteenth century England for many interrelated reasons. While Tudor and Elizabethan commentators found the chief cause of the conflict in the 1399 deposition of Richard II and its attendant break in the legal line of… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Livery and Maintenance —    Deriving from the French word livrée, “delivered,” livery referred to the uniform, in distinctive colors, that a nobleman gave to his RETAINERS, often together with his BADGE or emblem, to denote their membership in his AFFINITY of sworn… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Acknowledgments —    Until the mid twentieth century, the nature and consequences of the series of civil conflicts fought in England in the late fifteenth century were not in doubt. These civil wars, which in the nineteenth century were termed the “Wars of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

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